OFFICIAL NAME: Falkland Islands
CAPITAL: Port Stanley
SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT: British Dependent Territory
AREA: 12,170 Sq Km (4,698 Sq Mi)
ESTIMATED 2000 POPULATION 2,400
LOCATION AND GEOGRAPHY: The Falkland Islands are located to
the northeast of Cape Horn and consist of two main islands,
East and West Falkland as well as around 200 small islands
in the South Atlantic Ocean. The islands are rocky and hilly
with boggy undulating plains. The coastline is deeply indented
providing good harbors and the country's highest point is
Mt. Usborne at 705 metres (2,113 feet). There are numerous
small streams and lakes throughout the islands.
CLIMATE: The Falkland Islands has a cold climate characterized
by strong winds, particularly in the spring. Approximately half of the
year, around 180 days experiences rainfall and the average annual precipitation
is 635 mm (25 inches), although it is fairly evenly distributed. Average
annual temperature ranges are from 19 degrees Celsius (66 degrees Fahrenheit)
in January to 2 degrees Celsius (36 degrees Fahrenheit) in July.
PEOPLE: The population is almost entirely made up of people of
RELIGIONS: Mostly Christians of the Roman Catholic, United Free
and Anglican Churches.
LANGUAGES: The official language is English which is spoken by
the entire population.
MODERN HISTORY - WWII TO 1990: During 1965 a dispute over the
lease back arrangements of the islands to Argentina occurred. Argentina
pursued the claim more actively and in April 1982 the Argentine forces
invaded and occupied the islands. In response, Britain dispatched a Task
Force which arrived in late April 1982. On May 2, the Argentine battle
cruiser "General Belgrano" was sunk. The British also landed
troops on East Falkland on May 21 and drove back the Argentine forces.
On Midnight 1415 June, 1982 Argentina surrendered. Following this, a formal
ending of hostilities between Britain and Argentina was declared in Oct.
1989 and in Feb. 1990 the restoration of full diplomatic relations took
CURRENCY: The official currency is the Falkland Pound divided
into 100 Pence.
MAIN TRADING PARTNERS: Its main trading partner is the UK.
MAIN PRIMARY PRODUCTS: Livestock, Oats.
MAJOR INDUSTRIES: Falkland Islands Trading Company, Wool Production.
MAIN EXPORTS: Coins, Stamps, Wool.